Candide is actually a French satire which was published by Voltaire who was a philosopher. It is essentially characterized by a sarcastic tone and a fantastical, erratic and fast-moving plot. It consists of several characters that help in revealing the themes and developing its plot. One of the major characters that Voltaire establishes in his novel is Pangloss. He is believed to have several traits that help in building up Voltaire’s arguments. Pangloss acts as Candide’s philosopher and mentor. This makes him to be responsible for the most famous idea that lie within the novel. The philosophy of Pangloss truly parodies the ideas of Von Leibniz who was believed to be an enlightenment thinker. Leibniz holds that an all-powerful and all-good God created the whole world and therefore the world ought to be perfect.
Select a character and analyze the function that character serves in advancing any of Voltaire’s arguments
Pangloss is in fact not a believable character but he is further assumed to be exaggerated and a distorted representation of some form of a philosopher whose individuality seems to be indivisible from his philosophy. It will be realized that Voltaire illustrates some key problems that seem to be attached in the philosophy of Pangloss. His philosophy revolves around the face of irresistible evidence obtained in the real world. Pangloss is devastated by syphilis, nearly dissected, hanged and imprisoned yet he proceeds to advocate optimism. He holds his optimistic philosophy until the end of the novel where he finally admits that he finds troubles in believing in it. It will be further recognized that Voltaire advocates the generation of ideas from tangible evidence while Pangloss on the other hand willfully pays no heed to any evidence that disagree with his initial opinion. He extends to fabricate illogical arguments that support his preconceived notions when he justifies pork consumption by alleging that pigs were created to be eaten so people should take pork all year round. The philosophy of Pangloss encourages a complacent and passive attitude towards all that appears to be erroneous in the world. He argues that if this world is the most excellent one, then there seems to be no reason why people should indulge in efforts geared at changing things that are perceived to be wrong or evil. Therefore, as soon as Jacques who was Pangloss’s benefactor begins to drown in the Lisbon bay, Pangloss decides to prevent Candide in his effort to rescue him. He proves to him that the Lisbon bay was made explicitly for Jacques to drown in.
Select any one of Voltaire’s arguments and analyze its development
Voltaire argument is basically attached on optimism where he attacks its validity by arguing that whatever was taught by Pangloss were chiefly philosophical ideas generated from significant philosophers. These philosophical ideas have so far not been proved with some examples in the real life. It will be realized that the real world evidence in the novel appears to be opposite with the theory that was preached by Pangloss. The garbage that Pangloss was purely occupied in resulted to costs of live and further yielded to a destructive way that was used to treat the people who were around him. Voltaire held that this optimism was irrational as it eliminated the common sense within the people and turned out to be the direct reasoning to all people who were around him. This makes one fail to function like a reasonable being which was the basis of Voltaire argument. He tried to reveal that the foolish old philosophers fully corrupted our minds thereby disabling most of us from reasoning. It will be acknowledged that Voltaire was geared at implanting the basic idea of reasoning to his booklovers for them to champion this idea of reasoning to the people in their surrounding through the optimists’ foolishness. Voltaire therefore argued that we should always utilize our reasoning especially when explaining things other than relying on the past doctrines or believes which eventually make matters to become worse.
Follow the path of Candide’s changing worldview that culminates in “We must cultivate our garden.” What events propagate the change(s)? Explain how/why those events affect his perspective
It will be comprehended that at the end of the novel Candide in collaboration with his companions found happiness that resulted from growing the vegetables in their garden. The main change that propagated this is that people seemed to team up and work together. Through teaming, Candide and his companions brought their ideas together and could solve problems that lay amid them. They seemed to be united and having a common goal which in turn necessitated them to address their prevailing and future challenges that would face the society as whole. It will be documented that the garden in Candide marked the end of the trials that the characters faced. These are some of the notable events that accompanied Candide in his view towards changing the worldview. The people within the garden were subjected to some simple labor that helped them to solve out the problems that stood ahead of them.
If there is anything about the novel(-la) that compels you to write, and that idea is not represented in 1-3 above, please tell me your thoughts; I’m happy to approve any self-directed prompt
Changes can only be realized when people reset their mindsets and set goals and objectives that need to be attained. This can be realized if people come together and work from one standpoint where they can able to cultivate all possible impediments that may arise in their course towards meeting their set objectives. People who are actually outside the garden are assumed to suffer because they remain in an environment where changes can not be attained. From my own perspective the novel further compels one to view on issues such as the hypocrisy that revolves around religion and the corrupting influence of money. These are some of the crucial issues revolving around the contemporary societies and from the tale we are able to find out how they propel within the people. They try to impede possible structural changes that a society needs to undergo so as to realize targeted developments.